everything you wanted to know




VRach-dermatologist Victoria Britko told why “yellow” peeling cannot be done in summer, what are the contraindications to it, and why the procedure cannot be carried out when planning a pregnancy.

Educational program

The word “peeling” is translated from English as “scrape”. In cosmetology, the procedure is used to solve many problems: elimination of age spots, prevention of age-related changes, renewal of the surface layer of the skin, elimination of hypersecretion of the sebaceous glands, and others. After a course of peels, the production of collagen and elastin is stimulated (for more information about youth proteins, read here) – the turgor of the skin improves, the traces of post-acne disappear, the complexion becomes more even. Cosmetologists classify them by depth and method of exposure.

Short Course in Physiology


Before talking about the features of the “yellow” peeling, a short course in physiology.

The outer layer of the skin is called epidremis. It acts as a protective barrier and carefully “monitors” so that “uninvited guests” do not enter the body.

The epidermis is regularly renewed – its cells are constantly dividing, and keratinized particles are exfoliated. Between the epidermis and the next layer – the dermis – there is a basement membrane. This is another barrier to everything “alien”.

The dermis (skin itself) is a framework of collagen and elastin fibers, the space between which is filled with hyaluronic acid and cells. Its main functions are trophic, support and exchange. In the dermis, two layers are distinguished: papillary and reticular. Subcutaneous fatty tissue (or hypodermis) is located under the dermis.

That’s all you need to understand how peels work.

Depending on the depth of exposure, they are divided into: superficial – they work at the level of the epidermis, middle – they penetrate into the dermis, working on the synthesis of collagen and elastin, deep – are carried out exclusively in the operating room.

Surface peels (almond, glycolic) can be done even in summer – provided that the skin is protected from ultraviolet radiation.

Retinol peeling: what, where, when?

Retinol peeling belongs to the category of chemical procedures based on vitamins – it is most popular in clinics and beauty parlors. For its implementation, retinolic acid is used – a synthetic analogue of vitamin A.

It is indicated for serious skin defects: scars, scars, post-acne, as well as for enlarged pores and increased skin greasiness. After the procedure, the skin peels off a lot for about a week, so peeling can be done only in the autumn-winter period to avoid pigmentation.

The acid activates the process of cell rejuvenation, providing a rejuvenating effect, and also acts as a “catalyst” for the production of elastin, tightening the skin (which products prolong youth, read on link)

To achieve the maximum effect, “yellow” peeling is recommended to be done in courses – up to four procedures per season.

Important! Retinol enters the bloodstream and remains active for up to 6 months. It is absolutely safe for the female body, but if you are planning a pregnancy, give preference to another type of peeling – “yellow” can provoke fetal malformations.

There are other contraindications to the procedure: lactation period, individual intolerance to the components, oncological diseases, acne, active herpes.

The rehabilitation period after retinol peeling lasts about a week. On the third day, the skin begins to actively peel off. It is strictly forbidden to touch and tear it off – scars may form.

Sometimes there may be a slight swelling. Don’t panic – it’s okay! To quickly cope with peeling, you can use moisturizers with hyaluronic acid and oils in the composition, driving them in with your fingertips.

And don’t forget about SPF! Protection must be used every day before going outside. Physical activity, visiting the solarium, baths and saunas during the rehabilitation period are prohibited.