Not nature has awarded everyone with long hair. For those who are thin and short, a braid to the waist was a pipe dream for a long time, until Simon Forbes invented extension in the 60s. Is it harmful, to whom the procedure is contraindicated and what are the basic rules of care – in the BeautyHack material.
Hair types and where do they come from?
One of the first stages of hair extension is determining the type of hair. The result directly depends on this. If you have thin, porous hair, the strands should be appropriate to make your extensions look natural. Today, masters use several types of hair: Slavic, South Russian and European. They can be dyed and natural, curly and straight, thin and dense. Before going on sale, donor hair undergoes special treatment and thorough disinfection in several stages. Only then can they be used by the masters.
The most common myth about strands is origin. What can you not read on women’s forums! The most common version is that the hair is cut off from prisoners and persons without a fixed abode. This has nothing to do with reality.
Most of the hair comes to the market from India. In this country, women grow them for religious reasons. During prayer and appeal to the gods, they sometimes cut their braids and leave them in temples and monasteries. This is considered a kind of sacrifice. The servants of the temple sell hair, and with the proceeds they buy food for the homeless or use it for the needs of the temple.
Types of hair extensions
Today there are a lot of them. According to the method of fixation, extensions can be divided into two groups: cold and hot. In the first case, masters use keratin glue or resin, from which, after heating, capsules are formed that are attached to the native strand. During the correction, donor hair is removed with an alcohol solution. The old capsule is cut off and then a new one is formed. The recapsulation is done manually.
Tape extension… Officially, this technology is called Hair Talk. It was invented and officially patented by the German company Arcos. This type of building is referred to as cold. The bottom line is simple: donor hair, 3-4 cm wide, is attached to its own with the help of a hypoallergenic polymer. Today, the method is considered the safest. Not so long ago, he had a variety – “bio-growing”. Its difference from the classic one is that donor hair is attached with one weft. There is also a tape-like hair extension. In our country, it appeared not so long ago, but it is popular – the strands are not visible, even if the hair is “scattered” by the wind.
Hair extensions on tress… This type of build-up is also called “Hollywood”. The master weaves a tress from hair, which is literally sewn to relatives, gathered in a thin braid. For this, special threads and a regular sewing needle are used. Perhaps the most controversial type of extension to date. For owners of thin, weakened hair, this technology will not work – it negatively affects the root system. By the way, this type of extension is very many years old – even in ancient times, residents of some African tribes sewed on someone else’s hair. As they say, the new is the well-forgotten old.
Capsule hair extension… This technology was invented in Italy – it refers to hot building. The method has subspecies: microcapsule, “English” and others, but their essence boils down to one thing – melting the keratin capsule with special forceps and attaching the donor hair to it. In 2008, the Madrid Trichology Center stated that capsule extensions are bad for hair. Under the influence of high temperatures, creases form on the hair, which then cannot be straightened – the strands break off in these places. It is proven that this technology can lead to alopecia and hair loss.
Is build-up harmful?
The masters say no, but the trichologists unanimously sing: it is harmful! Where is the truth? The hair follicle is a gentle “creature”. Its strength is calculated only for the weight of its own hair. Now, simple math. There are about 50 hairs in one strand for capsule extension. In order to attach it, the master takes about 15 of his own (it all depends on the density). The load on the follicle increases, and significantly.
Hair extension is not done in case of severe hair loss, antibiotic treatment, violation of the integrity of the skin, scalp diseases, alopecia.
After the procedure, you must follow the rules of care. Sleeping with a wet head, for example, can lead to the development of fungal infections, and drying down hair can lead to the formation of tangles, which then cannot be untangled on their own.