what is it, types, indications and contraindications

What you need to know about the facial peeling procedure in order to get the best result, about the indications and contraindications to it?

What is face peeling

Peeling is a procedure used in specialized beauty salons, cosmetic centers for various degrees of cleansing and rejuvenation facial skin, neck and décolleté. The word itself comes from an English verb to peel, which means “flake off”, “peel off”, “peel”. Goals and results of the peeling may be different depending on the type of the procedure itself.

According to the generally accepted classification peeling divided by two parameters:

  • the depth of influence on the epidermis: superficial, middle or deep;
  • method of action on the epidermis: chemical, mechanical, laser, ultrasonic.

The procedure is best done on the recommendation of a specialist: beautician or dermatologist.

How to choose the right peeling

It is impossible to reverse the human life cycle. All human organs go through inevitable stages of growth, maturation, maturity and gradual decay. Visible changes are clearly visible on the surface of the body – skin… Modern methods of care skin allow to significantly delay the process of wilting and aging.

One of the most common and effective is peeling – removal of dead cell layer to cleanse the skin on all its layers and start deep processes of its regeneration.

Choice of procedure peeling should be based on individual characteristics associated with skin type, age, susceptibility skin to mechanical stress or individual components of the used cleaning agent.

Some light options for superficial peeling can be called universal for everyone. However, for some, a simple exfoliation with a special product can help give skin radiant healthy look, but for another the result may be zero.

A win-win choice peeling – this is an appeal to a specialist who will determine the correct and desired type of procedure. This is especially true for people with problematic and hypersensitive skin… The modern beauty industry offers a huge range of cosmetics, procedures and methods for their implementation. You should carefully and thoughtfully approach the issue of choice peelingconsidering your individuality.

Chemical peeling

Chemical procedure peeling Is essentially a controlled chemical burn that activates living cells skin regeneration processes. For such peeling various acids are used. It is important to know that the strength of the action of acid on skin determined by the percentage of acid and pH: the lower the pH and the higher the percentage of acid, the peeling more powerful and vice versa – peeling softer if the pH is higher and the acid percentage is lower.

The following factors may serve as indications for chemical peeling: acne skin rashes, post-acne, expression and aging wrinkles, scars, pigmentation, tarnished leather

  • For surface chemical face peelingwhen only the upper layer of the epidermis is cleansed, fruit acids are used, which normalize the secretions of the sebaceous glands and have an anti-inflammatory and moisturizing effect on skin
  • For the middle chemical peeling solutions of salicylic acid and trichloroacetic acid are well suited. Such peeling is applicable for bright pigmentation, the appearance of age-related changes and to maintain a normal tone skin
  • For deep chemical face peeling use compositions based on phenol. This procedure is quite painful and requires a subsequent long rehabilitation period, but it fights well with wrinkles, flabby skin, pigmentation and age folds.

Contraindications for any type of chemical peeling there may be acute or latent skin diseases, allergic reactions to drugs. It is not recommended to use this type of peeling during pregnancy and in the acute phase of oncology.

Mechanical peeling

Mechanical cleaning skin can be produced both with the help of abrasive cosmetics applied to skinand with the help of special devices for polishing the upper layer of the epidermis.

Mechanical peeling has a wide range of uses, is actively used in cosmetology and is indicated in the following cases:

  • removing traces of dryness, chapping and peeling of the skin
  • pigmentation
  • presence of acne and post-acne
  • to soften scars and scars
  • removal of fine wrinkles and smoothing of skin relief
  • the need to neutralize acne
  • complexion restoration needs

Hardware procedure peeling carried out by applying to skin either microcrystals of aluminum oxide, or crushed coral particles with useful herbs, or diamond dust. For processing and subsequent grinding of the epidermis, various rotating nozzles are used, which gently cleanse skin… As a result, blood flow to the released cells is enhanced, oxygen is available, and the skin becomes fresh and radiant.

Manual mechanical peeling by applying a cosmetic composition with abrasive elements, similarly to the hardware, it cleans the skin from the keratinized layer of cells, evens out the skin relief, and cleanses the pores.

Contraindications to mechanical peeling procedures can be inflamed, irritated or damaged skin tissue, allergies, hypersensitivity and intolerance to the elements of the composition of the products applied to the skin.

Ultrasonic and laser peeling

Both kinds peeling have similar application methods. The skin is cleaned in layers, and in the first case it is done with the help of a sound wave, and in the second – with the help of a laser beam. As a result of the procedure, metabolic processes are triggered, active regeneration and painless renewal of the skin layer take place. New cells of the epidermis are rich in elastin and collagen fibers.

Indications for the use of ultrasound or laser methods peeling is the presence of:

  • pigmentation of the skin;
  • age-related changes;
  • mimic and senile wrinkles;
  • postoperative scars and scars
  • the consequences of acne.

The laser peeling method can be used in the extremely sensitive area around the eyes. At such peeling, the skin is covered with a gel-like mask. The carbon-based gel penetrates through the pores into the cells and draws out dead particles, dirt and harmful substances from them. Due to the heating effect of the laser beam, the cleaning speed is increased.

Contraindications to the use of laser and ultrasonic peeling methods are inflammatory processes of the skin, pregnancy, blood clotting disorders, the presence of introduced cosmetic fillers at the site of cleaning.