Sensitive skin is not a myth: how to define it and what to do

Is sensitive skin temporary or permanent? How to identify sensitive skin and not confuse it with allergies? These and other questions from were answered by cosmetologist-aesthetist Taisiya Petrova.

Taisiya Petrova

Taisiya Petrova

cosmetologist-esthetician of the clinic of aesthetic medicine Aging Control

– Under the definition of “sensitive skin” we, cosmetologists, mean overly reactive skin, which has close capillaries. She turns red when touched, temperature changes, or applied, and she can also be prone to allergies. Such skin reacts very sharply to highly concentrated creams or other care products, sometimes itching or other unpleasant sensations may even appear. Care for such skin, both home and salon, should be special. Specialists prescribe only those products and procedures in which they are sure that they will not cause a negative reaction.

– Sensitive skin can be any type of skin – both dry, atopic and oily, – continues Taisiya Petrova. – Only on oily sensitive skin most often there is third or fourth degree acne, wide pores and inflammation. Everyone probably remembers boys or girls in school with pink cheeks – this already speaks of their skin sensitivity. Sensitive skin is always irritated skin, which responds to any negative conditions with redness.

How to determine your skin type

– In cosmetology there is a clear gradation of how to determine your skin type. True, sometimes it is difficult for herself to do this. I know that some girls can look at their small pores, and they seem large to them only because they are already visible on the face. Therefore, I always advise you to contact a competent expert cosmetologist for diagnostics, says Taisiya Petrova. – But, in general, it is possible to determine the type of skin from early childhood. For example, if we see that a child in a year and a half has red flaky cheeks after eating, then his (or her) adulthood will have dry skin. Moreover, in adulthood dry skin – it is always thin pores or their complete absence, a feeling of tightness of the skin in the morning.

For normal skin characterized by a healthy complexion, small or insignificant pores, no redness. The feeling of tightness usually occurs only at lunchtime or after washing your face before applying the cream.

Oily skin – it is always a greasy shine on the face within 20-30 minutes after washing; large pores located in the T-zone. At the same time, a feeling of tightness in this type usually does not arise. It can be sensitive in the presence of allergies, acne and rosacea.

Why does the skin get sensitive?

– Sensitive skin can be from childhood or appear due to other factors. First of all, redness can cause diseases of internal organs (especially diseases associated with the stomach, such as gastritis, ulcers, affect the skin condition), the cosmetologist notes. – Also, changes in skin type are affected by hormonal levels in women, taking antibiotics or strong medications, changes in eating habits or lifestyle. For example, those with oily skin after a bath may experience sensitivity, and those with normal skin – after an incorrectly selected peeling. In these cases, it is better to contact a specialist who will prescribe competent treatment.

It is also important to understand that skin type can change over time. And always at the age of 40-45 +, the skin becomes dry. And if up to 40 the skin was dry, then then, as a rule, it is prone to the formation of fine wrinkles or pigmentation. Therefore, with age, it is always necessary to change care: more intensively moisturize the skin, use products with a sun protection factor and other unfavorable factors. Otherwise, sensitivity can be added to dryness.

How to care for sensitive skin

It is important to avoid the following ingredients:

  • perfumery fragrances;
  • alcohol;
  • retinoids and fruit acids (glycolic, lactic, citric).

Choose oil-based products that are as natural as possible. It is better to give preference to proven pharmacy brands. For example, there are good products in the Tolerance line from the Avene brand, in the Neuro Sensitive Cellular Doctor line from the Babor brand, as well as the Bioderma brand.